and Catholics by summoning and presiding over the Council of Nicaea in 325, but this also failed to produce a definitive end to the conflict. In 324, Constantine defeated Licinius, the emperor in the East, and assumed control over the entire Roman Empire. Constantine inaugurated his new capital, Constantinople, in 330, which had been built on the site of Byzantium. Constantine fell ill in 337, and he was baptized in Nicomedia. He would die in that same year.
The Roman Emperor Constantine the Great converted to Christianity after the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, for he believed that he had been granted victory by the Christian God. However, the Christianity to which Constantine converted differed from the Christianity of the day, for despite his overall faith in the power of God his personal religious beliefs retained several pagan elements.
This paper demonstrates that Constantine converted to Christianity, through the examination of the circumstances that surrounded the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, such as Constantine's motives for attack, his vision and dream, and the effect that his victory had on his religious views. The personal views of Constantine, as they appear in the Edict of Milan and letters issued by Constantine shortly after the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, will also be noted in order to show Constantine's favorable attitude towards Christians. Finally, this paper will examine the belief system of Constantine in order to explain those actions that seem to conflict with the view that Constantine saw himself as Christian.