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In his letter to Anulinus, Proconsul of Africa, in 313, Constantine followed up his command in the Edict of Milan and ordered that all confiscated property be immediately returned to Christian churches.41 In 313, in a second letter to Anulinus, Constantine exempted Christian clergy from service in all public offices.42 His justification for this exemption is particularly significant. He stated that he was freeing the clergy from public service so that they might focus on the proper worship of the Divinity.43 This Divinity, in return for this proper worship, would then aid the State.44

In a letter to Caecilian, the bishop of Carthage in 313, Constantine alerted the bishop that he has ordered the finance minister of Africa to pay a grant of money to the Church. Constantine also wrote that he would give the Church extra funds if they were needed.45

Thus, shortly after he took sole power of the West by defeating Maxentius, Constantine granted freedom of worship to Christians and others in the Edict of Milan, restored confiscated property to the Church, freed Christian clergy from public service, and bestowed a grant of money to the Catholic Church in Africa. Baynes was correct when he stated of these actions, "this is more than mere tolerance"; at this point, Constantine obviously favored the Christians.46 When this favorable attitude is considered with its timing - so soon after he believed that God had given him victory - one can see that Constantine considered himself to be a follower of the Christian God after the Battle of the Milvian Bridge.


41. Stevenson, 287. As Stevenson comments, letters such as this one were probably supplementary to the original order for restitution that was set forth in the Edict of Milan.
42. See Stevenson, 289. "Immunity from state burdens was a valuable privilege."
43. Stevenson, 288-289 ("Constantine to Anulinus").
44. Ibid.
45. Stevenson, 287 ("Constantine to Caecilian of Carthage").
46. Baynes, 9.
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