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thrilling, moral and religious drama entitled "Uncle Tom's Cabin," or Life Among the Lowly, written expressly for this theatre."4 While this script was written expressly for the Charles St. Theatre, as were most of the productions in the years immediately following the publication of the novel, the interpretation is much different from that of the supposed first production in Baltimore. The scripts varied from production to production across the nation, spread along a scale from "religious and moral" to pro-slavery and minstrel adaptations. The novel itself is in essence a religious and moral American melodrama focusing on the evils of slavery, as other works focused on alcoholism or infidelity. By advertising a "moral and religious drama," the script is presumably nearly faithful to the original novel, at least in terms of overall message and presentation of the main ideas and characters. The advertisement does not advocate a particularly sectional ideology, as did the earlier production, but casts the show in terms of moral and religious value. It did so to appeal to a middle class obsession with the public welfare and social reform, although these movements were weaker in Baltimore, with its diverse class and racial mix, than in Northern cities whose population groups were more easily defined. Also, the theatre manager might avoid some public outcry by advertising this show as a moral and religious drama as opposed to an abolitionist drama, a message hostile to the personal lifestyle of many Baltimore theatergoers. The Sun commented on the fine acting of the Uncle Tom character as well as that of Topsy, and reserved special praise for the young actress who played Eva,5 and did not comment on the abolitionist content of the show at all, which holds true throughout most of its reviews. The show ran for around twenty days, with three shows on the Fourth of July, and both from its success and the lack of negative comment concerning it, the production shows that there was a viable market for Aiken-like scripts in Baltimore, despite its Southern heritage and the existence of slavery in the state.

The Aiken production, after its record-breaking run at the National Theatre in New York, went on a tour of the northeastern theatre circuit. After playing in Boston and Philadelphia, the most famous cast and production of Uncle Tom's Cabin, up to that point, came to Baltimore. The production, starring Mr. and Mrs. Howard as St. Clair and Topsy, and little Cordelia Howard as Eva, played at Owen's Charles St. Theatre, just as the earlier production did, from April 16 to May 19, 1855. Owen played the role of Uncle Tom. The show was highly anticipated and well received by the Baltimore audience. The Sun reports the following about the show:

Uncle Tom's Cabin was produced on Monday…to a full and fashionable house. The


4 The Sun. (1 July 1854), 3. As a point of information, The Sun did not use bylines until well into the twentieth century, believing that what was important was the continuity and quality of the news and analysis provided, not the individual glory of the writers. A. S. Abell was the longtime editor.
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The Sun. (1 July 1854), 2.
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