phrase - it was not the sword, nor the shield of democracy, but the
arsenal. This was the principle behind the United States' overall strategy
in World War II. Next Dr. Kennedy clarified what the three cities were
that keyed the U.S's victory in World War II.
At Rouen (France), Washington, D.C., and Stalingrad the United States
decided or implemented decisions on how to fight the war they did. These
decisions to fight a particular kind of war allowed the United States
to win World War II, he explained, and they were made and implemented
between August 1942 and February 1943.
Dr. Kennedy first discussed the significance of what occurred at Rouen
on Aug 17, 1942. On that day, he said, 12 B-17 bombers took off from
the south of England accompanied by a few Spitfire fighters for protection.
The B-17's dropped bombs on a railroad switching yard in Rouen. No planes
or crew was lost in this seemingly insignificant mission. Yet this marked
the first American strategic bombing attack on Nazi occupied Europe.
The decision had been made in the early 1930's that in the event of
a future conflict, the United States would use new technology (in this
case airplanes) to fight a different kind of war - the strategic bombing
of the economic and industrial infrastructure of the enemy. This approach,
Dr. Kennedy elaborated, had two objectives: First, to compromise the
infrastructure of the enemy so that they could not sustain an army;
and second, to terrorize citizens in that country to immobility. The
United States focused on the first objective, he stated, but did not
reject the second. This approach was "typically American" according
to Dr. Kennedy as it involved a reliance on the United