Tom Goldstein, "A Tale of Three Cities: How the United States Won World War II"


Kennedy to include more emphasis on the United Nations and their role in winning World War II to which Dr. Kennedy agreed.

The next question asked to Dr. Kennedy was, "If Japan had more time could they have come up with a better weapon than balloons?" Dr. Kennedy said they could have, and every country in fact had an atomic bomb project. Most economies, he exkplained citing specifically the German economy, could not afford to maintain the high spending levels required for their bomb project, however. In 1942 FDR simultaneously decided to crash forward with the Manhattan Project with enormous resources behind it. Only the American economy, Dr. Kennedy explained, could do this.

Dr. Kennedy was then asked, if President Woodrow Wilson (president 1913-1921) had radio broadcasts available to him as a means of promoting the Treaty of Versailles in the U.S., could the United States have joined the League of Nations and could World War II thus not have occurred? Dr. Kennedy, a bit baffled by the hypothetical question, responded, saying that even though the United States had not joined the League, it could have acted a lot differently in the 1920's and 1930's and that even if the United States had joined, the League was still too weak to do much. Moreover, after World War I the United States was simply not ready for major international involvement.

The next question was, "To what extent did the United States finance the Red Army?" Dr. Kennedy then stated that they had given the Soviets 10-20% of their war material and

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