William Cummings, "New York Times Reactions to the
Election of Salvador Allende"

5

for blocking Allende," a military coup, because of "moral objections" and because the "remedy might be worse than the illness."13

On September 25 the Times printed an editorial by C.L. Sulzberger, a longtime foreign-affairs correspondent for the New York Times, and the author of several books on international politics during the Cold War. The editorial examined Allende's election, and the recent rumors that the Soviets were constructing of a submarine base at Cienfuegos, Cuba. Sulzberger felt that the former "danger, although not military, could ultimately prove far more important." Sulzberger, echoing a common perspective among Allende's critics, saw Allende as a dictator in democratic disguise "who may well lie low, stress his moderation, and international respectability," but whose government "could well be tempted to employ totalitarian methods to achieve its aims." Like the Times's editors, Sulzberger predicted devastating international consequences following Allende's inauguration, writing that if Allende's government "were even inferentially backed up by any kind of Soviet military installation in Cuba, the entire effort to arrange a global détente between Washington and Moscow could be jeopardized."14

Within these editorials we clearly see the anticommunism "filter" described by Herman and Chomsky at work. Herman and Chomsky describe anticommunism as an ideology that "helps mobilize the populace against an enemy and because the concept is fuzzy it can be used against anybody advocating policies that threaten property interests or support accommodation with Communist states and radicalism."15 The immediate equation of Allende's election to the establishment of a brutal, totalitarian regime in Chile is more evidence of reflexive dogmatism than an informed opinion based upon the


13. "Severe Tests for Chile," 46. Emphasis added.
14. C.L. Sulzberger, "Ugly Clouds in the South," New York Times, September 25, 1970, 43.
15. Manufacturing Consent, 29.
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