William Cummings, "New York Times Reactions to the
Election of Salvador Allende"


"unlikely to add Chile to his list of insoluble problems."41 To his credit, Szulc included the strongest caution against U.S. action found in any Times editorial or report. He wrote, "The United States would be in a peculiar moral position if caught plotting against Dr. Allende, especially after decades of trying to make Latin America accept free elections."42

Eight years later, after U.S. covert activities in Chile came to light, Szulc would express some bitterness at the Nixon administration's deception. In his book The Illusion of Peace: Foreign Policy in the Nixon Years, so titled because "what Nixon gave America and the world was only the illusion of peace," Szulc wrote about "the public as well as the secret aspects," of Nixon's foreign policy and "the contradiction between these two."43 "Chile," Szulc concludes, "was one of the shadowy sides of Richard Nixon's 'structure of peace.' He and Kissinger, through secrecy, deceit, and manipulation, helped to bring internecine war and awesome terror to a small, peaceful country."44

Unfortunately, the cooperation of journalists such as Szulc was part of that manipulation. According to a CIA report, in an effort to create hostile international opinion toward Allende, by the end of September the CIA had "15 journalist agents from 10 different countries" and "8 more journalists from countries under the direction of high-level agents" in Chile "for on-the-scene reporting."45 The CIA boasted that the success of this campaign was apparent from the fact that in the European and Latin

41. Ibid.
42. Ibid.
43. Tad Szulc, The Illusion of Peace: Foreign Policy in the Nixon Years (New York: The Viking Press, 1978), v.
44. Ibid., 336.
45. CIA, "Report on Chilean CIA Task Force Activities, 15 September to 3 November 1970," 8.
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19