Tom Goldstein,"Nazi Germany and the Spanish Civil War:
Continuity in Hitler's Foreign Policy"


right into Hitler's hands as Mussolini isolated the British and French, leaving Germany as his only real ally.

Another important consequence of the Spanish Civil War was to drive the Soviet Union further from the democracies. The Soviet Union was the only country to support the Republicans outright against the Nationalists, and the lack of support from Britain and France helped convince an already paranoid Stalin that the democracies were merely trying to turn Hitler eastward. Indeed, he had called on them several times to invoke the League of Nations principle of collective security, with no reply. The Soviets were also left out of the Nyons Conference on policing the Mediterranean, to their annoyance.37 Furthermore, anti-Communism rhetoric was used throughout the war by many parties, further alienating the Soviets and helping Stalin decide that he needed to reach an agreement with Hitler - better to trade Eastern Europe for peace with Hitler than to face him in war alone.

As a result of the Spanish war, Germany also obtained valuable raw materials from Spain. Germany had been deeply concerned about its lack of raw materials, and by striking a trade agreement with Franco by which Germany received raw materials for German military equipment and personnel, it was able to obtain a crucial safeguard in case Hitler's plan of eastern expansion led to war. These agreements were discussed at the beginning of German involvement in 1936, and then codified in three July 1937 treaties.38 Of particular interest to Germany was Spain's pyrite mines because that

37. Ibid., 397-398.
38. Whealey, "Nazi Propagandist Joseph Goebbels Looks at the Spanish Civil War," 352.
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