1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
-Ian McKay

"The Children, which can but just speak, seem to have
a natural Antipathy against the English."
-Joseph Taylor, 17053

The Scottish animosity towards the English, as in the above quote, defined to a large degree how Scotland viewed itself in these years. To see that it was reciprocal one only needs to look at the quote at the beginning of this work. It has been said that, "by the seventeenth century an Englishman who did not look down on a Scotsman would have been only half an Englishman; a Scotsman who did not hate an Englishman would not have been a Scotsman at all."4 In fact a large part of the Scottish identity of this era was based in how they viewed their neighbor to the south. Anti-English attitudes would drive the strengthened Scottish identity through this era, as a result of a series of unfortunate events.

The 17th century causes of Scotland's animosity towards England had their beginnings in 1603, when James VI of Scotland inherited the English throne upon the death of Elizabeth I, bringing about the union of the crowns. The two nations were independent and united only in the fact that they shared the same sovereign. However, Scotland's sense of itself was never the same, as many on both sides of the border felt that after the regal union, creation of a political union would become inevitable.5 A resentment of this sentiment of inevitability helped to restart a Scottish identity built on defiance towards England. But despite this hostility, the regal union persisted through the century and included a brief period of political union under Cromwell.

3. Bridget McPhail, "Through a Glass Darkly: Scots and Indians Converge at Darien," Eighteenth Century Life 18, no. 3 (1994), 133.

4. Michael Hechter, The Celtic Fringe and British National Development: Internal Colonialism, (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1975), 31-32.

5. Derek Hirst, "English Republic and the Meaning of Britain," The Journal of Modern History 66, no. 3 (September 1994).