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Actually implementing plans to create a national monument and museum on Ellis Island proved to be much more difficult than simply signing a proclamation. The NPS agreed that an immigration museum somewhere in the Port of New York would be appropriate, since in the opinion of William H. Baldwin, a trustee of the American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society, "the cold war with the Soviet Union had produced a need for national unity, . . . and such a museum would be a strong force to this end."20 The NPS was divided on where the museum should be placed. At that time, a fund-raising campaign for an American Museum of Immigration (AMI) planned for the base of the Statue of Liberty was in the works. Officials with the campaign saw plans for a similarly themed museum on Ellis Island as a grave threat to their own museum and fund-raising campaign, and the co-chairmen issued a joint statement to the New York Times proclaiming, "It is inconceivable to us that [Ellis Island] should be considered sas appropriate for a national tribute to immigration. . . . No immigrant was ever attracted to America by Ellis Island. . . . The lodestar for all of them was the Statue of Liberty. . . . Liberty Island is a happy place of continuing inspiration, not a depository of bad memories."21 Putting the monetary needs of the museum before concerns of practicality (the space in the Statue of Liberty's pedestal is quite limited), and not even bothering to consider what immigrants themselves might think about where to create a museum, AMI officials ultimately created a museum which inadequately represented immigration and presented it with the outdated view of a unified American society, ignoring the cultural pluralism that more realistically exists.22

Despite public interests and attempts to get money appropriated from Congress for Ellis Island's upkeep, the Vietnam War interrupted plans, and no one paid much attention to the


20. Quoted in Pitkin, Keepers of the Gate, 181.
21. David J. McDonald and Pieere S. duPont III as quoted in Blumberg, Celebrating the Immigrant, 97-8.
22. Ross F. Holland, Idealists, Scoundrels, and the Lady: An Insider's View of the Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Project (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1993).
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